What’s Causing Your Abdominal Pain and How to Treat It


Abdominal pain is torment(pain) that occurs between the chest and pelvic areas.Abdominal pain are often crampy, achy, dull, intermittent or sharp. It’s also called a  stomachache. Inflammation or diseases that affect the organs within the abdomen can cause abdominal pain. Major organs located within the abdomen include:

  • intestines (small and large)
  • kidneys
  • appendix (a a part of the massive intestine)
  • spleen
  • stomach
  • gallbladder
  • liver
  • pancreas

Viral, bacterial, or parasitic infections that affect the stomach and intestines also can cause significant abdominal pain.

What causes abdominal pain?

Abdominal pain are often caused by many conditions. However, the most causes are infection, abnormal growths, inflammation, obstruction (blockage), and intestinal disorders.
Infections within the throat, intestines, and blood can cause bacteria to enter your alimentary canal , leading to abdominal pain. These infections can also cause changes in digestion, like diarrhea or constipation.
Cramps related to menstruation also are a possible source of lower abdominal pain, but these are more commonly known to cause pelvic pain.

Other common causes of abdominal pain include:

  • constipation
  • diarrhea
  • gastroenteritis (stomach flu)
  • indigestion (when stomach substance release in reverse into the throat, causing acid reflux and different side effects)
  • vomiting
  • stress

Diseases that affect the gastrointestinal system also can cause chronic abdominal pain. the foremost common are:

  • gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
  • irritable bowel syndrome or irritable bowel syndrome (a disorder that causes abdominal pain, cramping, and changes in bowel movements)
  • Crohn’s disease (an inflammatory bowel disease)
  • lactose bigotry (the powerlessness to process lactose, the sugar found in milk constantly items)

Causes of severe abdominal pain include:

  • organ crack or near­rupture, (for example, a burst reference section, or an infected appendix)
  • gallbladder stones (known as gallstones)
  • kidney stones
  • kidney infection

Types of abdominal pain

Abdominal pain are often described as localized, cramp-like, or colicky.

Localized pain is restricted to at least one area of the abdomen. This sort of pain is usually caused by problems during a particular organ. the foremost common explanation for localized pain is stomach ulcers (open sores on the inner lining of the stomach).

Issue(cramp) like torment(pain) could likewise be identified with the runs, blockage, swelling, or fart. In women, it are often related to menstruation, miscarriage, or reproductive complications. This pain comes and goes, and should get away on its own without treatment.

Colicky pain may be a symptom of more severe conditions, like gallstones or kidney stones. This pain occurs suddenly, and should desire a severe spasm .

Location of pain within the abdomen

The location of the pain within the abdomen could also be a clue on its cause.

Pain that’s generalized throughout the abdomen/stomach (not in one specific area) may indicate:

  • appendicitis (inflammation of the appendix)
  • Crohn’s disease
  • traumatic injury
  • irritable bowel syndrome
  • urinary tract infection
  • the flu

Pain that’s focused within the lower abdomen may indicate:

  • appendicitis
  • intestinal obstruction
  • ectopic pregnancy (a pregnancy that occurs outside the womb/belly)

In women, pain within the reproductive organs of the lower abdomen are often caused by:

  • severe menstrual pain (called dysmenorrhea)
  • ovarian cysts
  • miscarriage
  • fibroids
  • endometriosis
  • pelvic disease
  • ectopic pregnancy

Upper abdominal pain could also be caused by:

  • gallstones
  • heart attack
  • hepatitis (liver inflammation)
  • pneumonia

Pain within the center of the abdomen could be from:

  • appendicitis
  • gastroenteritis
  • injury
  • uremia (buildup of waste products in your blood)

Causes of Lower left abdominal pain:

  • Crohn’s disease
  • cancer
  • kidney infection
  • ovarian cysts
  • appendicitis

Causes of Upper Left abdominal pain:

  • enlarged spleen
  • fecal impaction (hardened stool that can’t be eliminated)
  • injury
  • kidney infection
  • heart attack
  • cancer

Causes of lower right abdominal pain include:

  • appendicitis
  • hernia (when an organ protrudes through a weak part within the abdominal muscles)
  • kidney infection
  • cancer
  • flu

Upper right abdominal pain could also be from:

  • hepatitis
  • injury
  • pneumonia
  • appendicitis

When to ascertain the doctor

Mild abdominal pain may get away without treatment. However, in some cases, abdominal pain may warrant a visit to the doctor.

Call crisis/emergency if your stomach torment is serious and identified with injury (from a mishap or injury) or pressing factor or torment in your chest.

You should seek immediate medical aid if the pain is so severe that you simply can’t sit still or got to curl into a ball to urge comfortable, or if you’ve got any of the following:

  • bloody stools
  • fever greater than 101°F (38.33°C)
  • vomiting up blood (called hematemesis)
  • persistent nausea or vomiting
  • yellowing of the skin or eyes
  • swelling or severe tenderness of the abdomen
  • difficulty breathing

Make a meeting together with your doctor if you experience any of the subsequent symptoms:

  • abdominal pain that lasts longer than 24 hours
  • prolonged constipation
  • vomiting
  • a burning sensation once you urinate
  • fever
  • loss of appetite
  • unexplained weight loss

Call your PCP/doctor in case you’re pregnant or breastfeeding and you experience stomach torment.

If you don’t have already got a gastroenterologist, the google search tool can assist you find a physician in your area.

How is that the explanation for abdominal pain diagnosed?

Through series of tests the explanation of abdomainal pain is given to individual. Prior to requesting tests, your PCP/doctor will do an actual assessment . This includes gently pressing on various areas of your abdomen to see for tenderness and swelling.

This data, joined with the seriousness of the agony and its area inside the midsection, will assist your PCP/doctor with figuring out which tests to arrange.

Imaging tests, like MRI scans, ultrasounds, and X-rays, are wont to view organs, tissues, and other structures within the abdomen intimately . These types of tests can help diagnose tumors, fractures, ruptures, and inflammation.

Other tests include:

  • colonoscopy (to look inside the colon and intestines)
  • endoscopy (to detect inflammation and abnormalities within the esophagus and stomach)
  • upper GI (a special X-ray test that uses contrast dye to see for the presence of growths, ulcers, inflammation, blockages, and other abnormalities within the stomach)

To check bacterial, viral, and parasitic infections an individual has to give their blood, urine, and stool sampels.

How am i able to prevent abdominal pain?

Not all sorts of abdominal pain are preventable. However, you’ll minimize the danger of developing abdominal pain by doing the following:

  • Eat a healthy diet.
  • Drink water frequently.
  • Exercise regularly.
  • Eat smaller meals.

If you’ve got an intestinal disorder, like Crohn’s disease, follow the diet your doctor has given you to attenuate discomfort. If you’ve got GERD, don’t eat within 2 hours of bedtime.

Lying down timely after eating may cause heartburn and abdominal pain. Try waiting a minimum of 2 hours after eating before lying down.


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