Pain in the lower abdomen and bloating: What to know


Lower abdominal pain is pain that happens below a person’s belly button. Bloating refers to a sense(feeling) of pressure or fullness within the abdomen, or a visibly distended abdomen. Sometimes, these symptoms occur together.

Though occasional lower abdominal pain and bloating are common, an individual should speak to their doctor if it becomes a daily occurrence. In some cases, this mix of symptoms may indicate an underlying issue that needs medical treatment.

Keep reading for more information on a number of the more common causes of abdominal pain and bloating. We also outline various treatment options for this mix of symptoms.

Causes of both abdominal pain and bloating

There are a few reasons for consolidated lower stomach torment (LAP) and swelling. Some relatively harmless, or benign, causes include:

  • consumption of high-fat foods
  • swallowing an excessive amount of air
  • stress

In some cases, LAP and bloating can occur as a result of an underlying medical condition, such as:

  • constipation
  • food intolerances, like lactose or gluten intolerance
  • gastroesophageal reflux illness (GERD), albeit this all the more general causes upper stomach pain­gastroenteritis, which is irritation of the gastrointestinal (GI) plot that
  • causes regurgitating and looseness of the bowels
  • diverticulitis, which is inflammation or infection of a part of the massive intestine
  • ileus, which may be a condition that slows the function of the tiny and enormous intestine
  • delayed stomach emptying, or gastroparesis, which may be a complication of DM
  • intestinal obstruction
  • inflammatory bowel disease (Crohn’s disease or ulcerative colitis)
Other conditions which will cause LAP and bloating are specific to females. These include:
  • menstrual pain
  • endometriosis
  • ovarian cysts
  • pelvic disease (PID)
  • pregnancy
  • ectopic pregnancy

LAP and bloating also can flow from to conditions that don’t necessarily affect the stomach, intestines, or reproductive organs. These conditions include;

  • drug allergies
  • side effects of certain medications
  • hernia
  • cystitis, or infection of the tract infection
  • appendicitis, or inflammation of the appendix
  • kidney stones

When to ascertain a doctor?

If the explanation for LAP and bloating is comparatively benign, symptoms should get away within a couple of hours to days.

A person should see a doctor if:

  • their symptoms last longer than a couple of days
  • their symptoms begin to interfere with their lifestyle
  • they are pregnant and are unsure of the explanation for LAP and bloating
  • People should seek immediate medical attention if vomiting or the lack to pass gas occurs alongside LAP and bloating.
People who experience LAP and bloating alongside one or more of the subsequent symptoms should seek emergency medical attention:
  • sudden worsening of pain
  • fever
  • unusual discharge
  • bloody stool
  • unexplained weight loss
  • severe nausea and vomiting


To make a diagnosis, a doctor will begin by completing a physical examination. An underlying assessment will include applying strain to the mid-region. this may help the doctor to see the situation of pain and to pity any abnormalities.

A doctor also will make a note of the person’s medical record, and the other symptoms they experience. they’ll also ask whether there’s anything that triggers the pain or makes it worse.

Diagnostic tests, like urine, blood, or stool tests, can also be necessary. These can help to spot signs of infection or other underlying conditions.

In some cases, a doctor may order one among the subsequent imaging tests to see for abnormalities within the abdomen:

  • ultrasound
  • X-ray
  • CT or MRI

If the imaging tests come normal, a doctor may perform a colonoscopy for a better look inside the intestines.


The following are some general home treatment options that will help to alleviate symptoms of LAP and bloating:

  • increasing fluid intake
  • exercising to assist alleviate gas and bloating
  • taking over-the-counter (OTC) pain medications
  • taking OTC antacids

If home treatments don’t work, an individual should speak to their doctor about other treatment options. These will vary, counting on the explanation for LAP and bloating. However, some examples include:

  • prescription medications to treat pain and bloating
  • antibiotics to assist treat a bacterial infection
  • emergency surgery to get rid of a ruptured appendix


There are some steps an individual can fancy to help alleviate LAP and bloating. Two key advances incorporate stopping smoking and evading trigger nourishments.
The following are samples of foods that will cause or contribute to LAP and bloating:

  • high-fat foods
  • certain plant-based foods, like cabbage, lentils, and beans
  • dairy products if an individual is lactose intolerant
  • carbonated drinks
  • beer
  • chewing gum
  • hard candy

Also, people may enjoy increasing their intake of high-fiber foods like fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. this may help to stop constipation and associated bloating.

If a hidden condition is that the clarification for LAP and swelling, treating the condition should assist with easing these manifestations.


There are many potential causes of lower abdominal pain and bloating. Some causes are relatively benign and straightforward to treat, while others could also be more serious.

Infrequent lower stomach torment and swelling are typically not a reason for concern. However, people should see a doctor if their symptoms worsen, last quite a couple of days, or disrupt their daily activities.

People who experience additional symptoms, like vomiting, fever, or blood within the stool, should seek emergency medical attention.

In some cases, people can prevent lower abdominal pain and bloat by avoiding foods that will trigger these symptoms


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